There is so much information available on tactics which authors can use to promote their books – including all the great advice here during #NaNoProMo – it’s easy to get overwhelmed. This can lead to you spreading your efforts too thinly and not being effective in any of your methods. Or, even worse, you’ll slump into decision paralysis, where it all seems too baffling and you end up doing nothing.
To succeed in book promotion, while leaving time for writing and the rest of your life, it’s essential to focus your efforts. My favorite way of doing this is with the Quadrant Method. It’s a simple but effective technique you can apply to narrow down choices in many areas of your life.
What is The Four Quadrant Method for Book Promotion?
For book promotion, draw a sketch that looks like this:
For each idea you’re considering, write it on the chart roughly where it belongs in terms of Resources (vertical axis) and Impact on Sales (horizontal axis). Don’t get hung up about exact positions, just go with a placement which feels reasonable.
Let’s say, for example, I want to approach an independent bookstore about an author event. It will take me several hours to land and deliver the gig, but I believe I can generate healthy in-person sales and reader connections as a result. I’d place that one high on both resources and impact:
Resources represent both time and money. If, like many authors, both are precious to you, then measure the cost of your efforts as a combination. But, if you have a robust marketing budget and not much time, mark items as high in resources if they consume lots of time, with less consideration of money. And vice versa: if you have next to nothing to spend, but decent time to invest, then costly tactics score higher.
You’re unlikely to be able to forecast Impact on Sales accurately, and you may be okay with either a short-term sales boost or longer-term awareness building. You can use gut feel here, according to where your ideal readers hang out, the nature of your books, and things you’ve heard are effective for other authors in your genre.
Don’t confuse reaching people with conversion to sales: a tweet, for example, may be seen by hundreds of eyes, but if they don’t buy your book (or take some other valuable action, like subscribing to your email newsletter), the impact is low.
Quadrant Method: A Promotional Example
Let’s fill in the chart now with a few example items, using the scenario of an author who writes historical fiction with a strong, local setting:
- Bookstore event: we already placed that as high for resources and impact.
- Join a Facebook group for local history buffs: this might place as low in resources (time) and low on sales impact.
- Create a “fun facts” download for newsletter subscribers: medium in resources (time) and medium for longer-term sales opportunities.
- Start a podcast: high in resources (time, money), low for sales impact.
- Apply for a BookBub promotion: high in cost but very high for sales impact.
- Guest post on a website for history fans: low-medium in resources (time), high for sales impact.
- Ask local Bed & Breakfasts to sell copies of the book: low in resources (time), fairly high for sales impact.
Results of the Quadrant Method Exercise: Focus!
Continue to place your other promotional ideas on your chart. When you’re done, circle any which look especially fun or appealing to you. Then pause to consider your quadrants:
High resources, low impact (top left quadrant): Stay away from these. Don’t invest heavily if you don’t expect a strong outcome.
High resources, high impact (top right quadrant): Worth considering, but be sure to measure your results carefully.
Low resources, low impact (bottom left quadrant): These might be worth pursuing, especially if you have times when your energy is too low for writing, or if you have a few marketing dollars left at the end of the month. The ideas you circled are particularly worth noting.
Low resources, high impact (bottom right quadrant): These are your ideal activities to focus on. If any are circled, even better. Get started on them today!
You can come back to your quadrant chart whenever a new idea presents itself, and/or to adjust placements once you’ve tried a few ideas. The trick is to narrow your focus and give a few tactics your full attention. You’ll enjoy your promotional efforts more and your sales will reflect your judicious choices.
Day 4 Giveaway
Pauline Wiles is offering a 30-minute coaching call to one winner to apply the quadrant method to your own book promotion options. (Value: $150)
Don't forget to comment below to enter to win!
#NaNoProMo Day 4: Learn More on Focusing Your Promotional Efforts with the Four Quadrant Method by guest @PaulineWiles
…is an author, speaker, and creator of The Serenity Project, a year-long personal experiment in techniques to juggle author responsibilities and boost creative enjoyment. With 4 self-published books under her belt, she mentors other writers in the benefits of pragmatic self-care to promote both well-being and long-term career success.